[105], Each district is governed by a district collector or district magistrate, appointed by either the Indian Administrative Service or the West Bengal Civil Service. [234], Cricket and association football are popular sports in the state. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 812 which is 9.93 % of total population of Hingalganj (CT). Beginning in the mid-2000s, armed activists conducted minor terrorist attacks in some parts of the state. The Lamas chant mantras and sound their bugles, and students, as well as people from every community, carry the holy books or pustaks on their heads. Richard Maxwell Eaton, The rise of Islam and the Bengal frontier, 1204–1760, 1993. Blocks consists of panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. It has been observed that there has been a slow but steady decline in the percentage share of industry and agriculture over the years. The British East India Company defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the last independent Nawab, in the Battle of Plassey in 1757. The city of Kolkata undergoes a transformation during Durga Puja. Notable handloom saris include tant, jamdani, garad, korial, baluchari, tussar and muslin. [62] Although the economy was severely damaged during the unrest in the 1970s, the state has managed to revive its economy steadily throughout the years. Although Hindus are the predominant community, the state has a large minority Muslim population. 6,43,85,550. The University of Calcutta and Jadavpur University are prestigious technical universities. [154] Buddhism remains a prominent religion in the Himalayan region of the Darjeeling hills; almost the entirety of West Bengal's Buddhist population is from this region. The capital city is Kolkata and it is ever vibrant. [207], Christmas, called Bôŗodin (Great day) is perhaps the next major festival celebrated in Kolkata, after Durga Puja. [20][21], In 2011 the Government of West Bengal proposed a change in the official name of the state to PaschimBanga (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Pôshchimbônggô). [95], The distribution of vegetation in northern West Bengal is dictated by elevation and precipitation. KOLKATA: The West Bengal government on Monday stayed all activities relating to the preparation and update of the National Population Register … [34] Shashanka is often recorded in Buddhist annals as an intolerant Hindu ruler noted for his persecution of the Buddhists. [16][17], The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown. Islam was introduced through trade with the Abbasid Caliphate, but following the Ghurid conquests led by Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, the Muslim faith spread across the entire Bengal region. The railway system is a nationalised service without any private investment. Tollygunj in the city of Kolkata is the zone of various Bengali film studios and the name of Tollywood is basically inspired from Bollywood. Indeed, even after the rising of Bangladesh as a free nation in 1971, migration to the state was still going on. [123] Many major industries such as the Uttarpara Hindustan Motors car manufacturing unit, the jute industry, and the Haldia Petrochemicals unit experienced shutdowns in 2014. [83], West Bengal's climate varies from tropical savanna in the southern portions to humid subtropical in the north. Since independence in 1947, Durga Puja has slowly changed into more of a glamorous carnival than a religious festival. The Lady Brabourne College was established in 1939. [114] GSDP percent growth at current prices varied from a low of 10.3% in 2010–2011 to a high of 17.11% in 2013–2014. Pandals are erected in various cities, towns, and villages throughout West Bengal. The estimated literacy level of Dum Dum is 90.66%. [104], As of 2017, West Bengal is divided into 23 districts. [45] The Bengal Presidency was established in 1765; it later incorporated all British-controlled territory north of the Central Provinces (now Madhya Pradesh), from the mouths of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra to the Himalayas and the Punjab. The Kharisha Census Town has population of 4,120 of which 2,088 are males while 2,032 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. [223], There are several research institutes in Kolkata. They celebrate the end of Ramadan with prayers, alms-giving, shopping, gift-giving, and feasting. This urban general constituency has an estimated Scheduled Caste population of 11.72% and a Scheduled Tribe population of 1.02%. 18. Folk music in West Bengal is often accompanied by the ektara, a one-stringed instrument. Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. [137][138], Kolkata is a major river port in eastern India. The region was a hotbed of the Indian independence movement and has remained one of India's great artistic and intellectual centres. The Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. [38], Islam was introduced through trade with the Abbasid Caliphate. It is celebrated with much fanfare in Kolkata as well as in rural Bengal. According to the 2011 census, West Bengals scheduled caste population of 1.84 crore is a crucial vote bank. Natural resources like tea and jute in nearby areas has made West Bengal a major centre for the jute and tea industries. [208] The whole of Park Street is hung with colourful lights, and food stalls sell cakes, chocolates, Chinese cuisine, momo, and various other items. [4] In 2012, the state government passed a bill granting additional official status to Hindi, Odia, Punjabi, Santali and Urdu in areas where speakers exceed 10% of the population. The Hindu College was established in 1817. Chhau dance of Purulia is a rare form of masked dance. West Bengal is also home to indigenous tribal Adivasis such as: Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Bhumij, Lodha, Kol and Toto tribe. The state capital is Kolkata, the third-largest metropolis, and seventh largest city by population in India. This was aided by the advent of information technology and IT-enabled services. Only 14% of women aged 15–49 years in West Bengal have completed 12 or more years of schooling, compared with 22% of men. To conclude it, the population of West Bengal in 2019 as per estimates = 96.33904 Million. Diamond Harbour is a Lok Sabha / Parliamentary constituency in South East Bengal region of West Bengal in East India. Broadband Internet is available in select towns and cities and is provided by the state-run BSNL and by other private companies. [57], The state's economic recovery gathered momentum after the central government introduced economic liberalisations in the mid-1990s. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Bengali literature was modernised in the works of authors such as Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works marked a departure from the traditional verse-oriented writings prevalent in that period;[170] Michael Madhusudan Dutt, a pioneer in Bengali drama who introduced the use of blank verse;[171] and Rabindranath Tagore, who reshaped Bengali literature and music. Bengali 24-hour television news channels include ABP Ananda, News18 Bangla, Tara Newz, Kolkata TV, News Time, Zee 24 Ghanta, Mahuaa Khobor, CTVN Plus, Channel 10 and R Plus. [96], 3.26% of the geographical area of West Bengal is protected land, comprising fifteen wildlife sanctuaries and five national parks—Sundarbans National Park, Buxa Tiger Reserve, Gorumara National Park, Neora Valley National Park and Singalila National Park. The state shares its borders with Assam, Bhutan, Nepal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bangladesh, Bihar and Sikkim. 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